12. Environment variables

This is the list of environment variables that affect the behavior of Fast DDS:

12.1. FASTRTPS_DEFAULT_PROFILES_FILE

Defines the location of the default profile configuration XML file. If this variable is set and its value corresponds with an existing file, Fast DDS will load its profiles. For more information about XML profiles, please refer to XML profiles.

Linux

export FASTRTPS_DEFAULT_PROFILES_FILE=/home/user/profiles.xml

Windows

set FASTRTPS_DEFAULT_PROFILES_FILE=C:\profiles.xml

12.2. SKIP_DEFAULT_XML

Skips looking for a default profile configuration XML file. If this variable is set to 1, Fast DDS will load the configuration parameters directly from the classes’ definitions without looking for the DEFAULT_FASTRTPS_PROFILES.xml in the working directory. For more information about XML profiles, please refer to XML profiles.

Linux

export SKIP_DEFAULT_XML=1

Windows

set SKIP_DEFAULT_XML=1

12.3. FASTDDS_BUILTIN_TRANSPORTS

Setting this variable allows to modify the builtin transports that are initialized during the DomainParticipant creation. It is a simple way of changing the default configuration of the Transport Layer and it directly affects how DDS entities communicate between them.

All existing values, along with a brief description, are shown below:

Builtin Transports Options

Description

NONE

No transport will be instantiated. Hence, the user must manually add the desired
transports. Otherwise, the participant creation will fail.

DEFAULT

UDPv4 and SHM transports will be instantiated. SHM transport has priority over the UDPv4
transport. Meaning that SHM will always be used when possible.

DEFAULTv6

UDPv6 and SHM transports will be instantiated. SHM transport has priority over the UDPv4
transport. Meaning that SHM will always be used when possible.

SHM

Only a SHM transport will be instantiated.

UDPv4

Only a UDPv4 transport will be instantiated.

UDPv6

Only a UDPv6 transport will be instantiated.

LARGE_DATA

UDPv4, TCPv4, and SHM transports will be instantiated. However, UDP will only be used
for multicast announcements during the participant discovery phase (see Discovery phases)
while the participant liveliness and the application data delivery occurs over TCP or SHM.
This configuration is useful when working with large data.(See Fast DDS over TCP).

Note

The environment variable is only used in the case where use_builtin_transports is set to TRUE. In any other case, the environment variable has no effect.

Note

TCPv4 transport is initialized with the following configuration:

12.4. ROS_DISCOVERY_SERVER

Warning

The environment variable is only used in the case where discovery protocol is set to SIMPLE, SERVER, or BACKUP. In any other case, the environment variable has no effect.

Setting this variable configures the DomainParticipant to connect to one or more servers using the Discovery Server discovery mechanism.

  • If ROS_DISCOVERY_SERVER is defined, and the DomainParticipant’s discovery protocol is set to SIMPLE, then Fast DDS will instead configure it as CLIENT of the given server.

  • If ROS_DISCOVERY_SERVER is defined, and the DomainParticipant’s discovery protocol is set to SERVER or BACKUP, then the variable is used to add remote servers to the given server, leaving the discovery protocol as SERVER or BACKUP respectively.

  • The value of the variable must list the locator of the server in the form of:

    • An IPv4 address like 192.168.2.23. The UDP protocol is used by default. The UDP port can be appended using : as in 192.168.2.23:35665.

    • TCPv4 specifier + IPv4 address like TCPv4:[127.0.0.1]. The TCP protocol is used to communicate with the server. The TCP port can be appended using : as in TCPv4:[127.0.0.1]:42100.

    • A DNS name can be specified. This name will be used to query known hosts and available DNS servers to try to resolve valid IP addresses. Several formats are acceptable:

      • Plain domain name: eprosima.com. This will include all available IP addresses.

      • Domain name + port: eprosima.com:35665. As above but using a specific port.

      • UDPv4 specifier + domain name: UDPv4:[eprosima.com]. Only the first IPv4 address resolved will be used.

      • UDPv4 specifier + domain name + port: UDPv4:[eprosima.com]:35665. As above but using a specific port.

      • TCPv4 specifier + domain name: TCPv4:[eprosima.com]. Only the first IPv4 address resolver will be used.

      • TCPv4 specifier + domain name + port: TCPv4:[eprosima.com]:42100. As above but using a specific port.

  • If no port is specified when using default UDP transport, the default port 11811 is used.

  • If no port is specified when using TCP transport, the default port 42100 is used.

  • To set more than one server’s address, they must be separated by semicolons.

  • The server’s ID is determined by their position in the list. Two semicolons together means the corresponding ID is free.

  • When using IPv6 with DNS, the specified domain name space (<dns>) must be able to resolve to an IPv6 address. Otherwise an error will be raised.

The following example shows how to set the address of two remote discovery servers with addresses ‘84.22.259.329:8888’ and ‘localhost:1234’ and IDs 0 and 2 respectively.

Linux

export ROS_DISCOVERY_SERVER="84.22.259.329:8888;;localhost:1234"

Windows

set ROS_DISCOVERY_SERVER=84.22.259.329:8888;;localhost:1234

Important

IP addresses specified in ROS_DISCOVERY_SERVER must be either valid IPv4 addresses or names. If a name which can be translated into an address is specified, the first valid IPv4 returned from the query will be used.

Important

This environment variable is meant to be used in combination with Fast DDS discovery CLI. The server’s ID is used by Fast DDS to derived the GuidPrefix_t of the server. If the server is not instantiated using the CLI, the server’s GUID prefix should adhere to the same schema as the one generated from the CLI. Else, the clients configured with this environment variable will not be able to establish a connection with the server, thus not being able to connect to other clients either. The server’s GUID prefixes generated by the CLI comply with the following schema: 44.53.<server-id-in-hex>.5f.45.50.52.4f.53.49.4d.41. This prefix schema has been chosen for its ASCII translation: DS<id_in_hex>_EPROSIMA.

Important

This environment variable can be changed at runtime adding new remote servers to a SERVER, BACKUP or CLIENT (that has been initialized with this environment variable previously) if loaded from an environment file using FASTDDS_ENVIRONMENT_FILE.

12.5. ROS_SUPER_CLIENT

If the DomainParticipant’s discovery protocol is set to SIMPLE, and ROS_SUPER_CLIENT is set to TRUE, the participant is automatically promoted to a SUPER_CLIENT.

Important

This environment variable is meant to be used in combination with ROS_DISCOVERY_SERVER to promote a participant from SIMPLE to SUPER_CLIENT. The participant will have the servers list defined in ROS_DISCOVERY_SERVER.

The possible values are: TRUE, true, True, 1, FALSE, false, False, 0.

Important

If the variable is not set, the default behavior of Fast DDS is equivalent to the case in which the variable is set to false.

The following example shows how to set the environment variable to true.

Linux

export ROS_SUPER_CLIENT=TRUE

Windows

set ROS_SUPER_CLIENT=TRUE

12.6. FASTDDS_STATISTICS

Warning

The environment variable is only used in the case where the CMake option FASTDDS_STATISTICS has been enabled. In any other case, the environment variable has no effect. Please, refer to CMake options for more information.

Setting this variable configures the DomainParticipant to enable the statistics DataWriters which topics are contained in the list set in this environment variable. The elements of the list should be separated by semicolons and match the statistics topic name aliases.

For example, to enable the statistics DataWriters that report the latency measurements, the environment variable should be set as follows:

Linux

export FASTDDS_STATISTICS="HISTORY_LATENCY_TOPIC;NETWORK_LATENCY_TOPIC"

Windows

set FASTDDS_STATISTICS=HISTORY_LATENCY_TOPIC;NETWORK_LATENCY_TOPIC

Important

This environment variable can be used together with the XML profiles (for more information please refer to Automatically enabling statistics DataWriters). The statistics DataWriters that will be enabled is the union between the ones specified in the XML file (if loaded) and the ones stated in the environment variable (if set).

12.7. FASTDDS_ENVIRONMENT_FILE

Setting this environment variable to an existing json file allows to load the environment variables from the file instead of from the environment. This allows to change the value of some environment variables at run time with just modifying and saving the changes to the file. The environment value can be either an absolute or relative path. The file format is as follows:

{
    "environment_variable_name_1": "environment_variable_value_1",
    "environment_variable_name_2": "environment_variable_value_2"
}
  

Important

The environment variables set in the environment file have precedence over the environment.

Warning

Currently only ROS_DISCOVERY_SERVER environment variable allows for changes at run time. (see Modifying remote servers list at run time)